12 Feb 2018 Stop Obesity
What is Obesity?
Obesity is a condition where if a person has accumulated too much body fat to cause a negative effect on their health.
Most commonly your physician will use special measure called Body Mass Index to determine whether you are normal, underweight, overweight or Obese.
Your waist circumference will also be measured which also helps in selecting a weight loss program and determining risk of Obesity related complications.
The cut-off Points for Overweight and Obesity is 25 and 30 kg/m2 respectively.
The cut-off Points for Waist circumference is 88 cm for women and 102 cm for men.
When should I see a doctor regarding my weight?
You are advised to see a healthcare physician when you are either overweight or Obese.
Depending on your BMI score, waist circumference and your risk factors you will be advised on lifestyle or pharmacological management.
How do I lose weight?
To lose weight, you can ‘move more or eat less’. If the number of calories that you are taking in is lesser than the number of calories you are burning, then you are doing a good job.
Is there medications in the market that will help to reduce weight?
There are medications in the market that helps in reducing weight by changing your appetite or the way you digest your food which can be used to lose weight. However, medications are only advised to people who has a higher BMI value and those who haven’t been able to reduce weight by lifestyle modifications.
Weight loss treatments are not short cuts – medications and surgery do have risks involved and is advised only to people who cannot lose their weight by lifestyle modifications. They are advised to people who has a BMI >30 or BMI > 27 with medical problems such as Diabetes, Hypertension or High Cholesterol.
How good are the traditional medications in helping to reduce weight?
Consult a healthcare professional before taking any herbal medications as it might have some side effects. Some herbal medicines contain harmful ingredients which is not safe to consume
Roadmap to Combat Obesity
Diet modifications – low carbs and low fat diet
Physical activity – about 150 minutes/week of exercise (such as brisk walking, jogging)
Pharmacological therapy – will be given drugs that will change your appetite or the way you will digest the food.
Bariatric surgery – removing excess fat from your body (mainly from your back or stomach)
How do I lose weight?
You can start by consulting a healthcare professional such as a nutritionist or a doctor who will help you set a realistic goal to reduce weight at first.
Your BMI as well as your waist circumference will be measured
Always set a realistic goal in reducing weight
Your first goal- to either maintain your current weight and avoid gaining more weight
Factors contributing to weight loss – Stress, Less Sleep, Lifestyle changes
Focus on identifying
• Your triggers
• The food you eat
Determine what triggers you to eat and try to avoid it and try eating fruits, vegetables and nuts instead of fast food.
Types of Diet – Low fat, Low carbohydrate and protein controlled diets
150 minutes of aerobic exercise/week
Can prevent and delay the development of Diabetes.
Improves your fat metabolism and decreases your abdominal fat and also has a beneficial effect on your blood pressure.
Article contributed by : Semester 8 students, Muhammad Navid , Humaid Ali and Tarshini Selvarajoo supervised by Dr Kavitha Nagandla